Nesbitt Memorial Library
Columbus, Texas

Last Updated January 19, 2011
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Tenth Census of the United States (1880)
Colorado County, Texas
Introduction & Summary of Data

compiled by Bill Stein, David Hahn, and Regena Williamson

 

Links to Index in Original Order
 
Enumeration Districts 46-47: Justice Precincts No. 1, including the City of Columbus
Enumeration Districts 48-49: Justice Precincts No. 2 and 3, including the Village of Oakland
Enumeration District 50: Justice Precinct No. 4, including the City of Weimar
Enumeration District 51: Justice Precinct No. 5, including the Community of Frelsburg
Enumeration Districts 52-54: Justice Precincts No. 6, 7, and 8, including the City of Eagle Lake
 

Click Here for Index to Online Images of Manuscript Census

Links to Index in Alphabetical Order
 
Surnames beginning with:.
A F K P U
B G L Q V
C H M R W
D I N S Y
E J O T Z

 

Introduction  

 

We present here, a transcription of the federal census of Colorado County, Texas that was taken in 1880. We present the transcription in two ways: in the original order and in alphabetical order. Each entry contains the person's full name, as given by the census taker, plus his/her race, gender, age, relationship to the head of the household (if he/she is not the head of the household and if the relationship is given), occupation (if given), and place of birth. Each entry is followed by the enumeration district number, the page number, and the line number on which the referenced person may be found. We also provide a link to online images of the census, for our transcription is meant to be an index, and does not present all the information the census contains.

 

The official population of the county in 1880 was 16,673. Our list includes 16,677 persons. We cannot account for the discrepancy.

 

For the census, Colorado County was divided into nine sections, with each section assigned to a different census taker. For some unknown reason, the sections were numbered from 46 to 54.

 

Section 46, which covered part of Columbus and part of Justice Precinct No. 1, was enumerated by Jacob H. Burgheim from June 1 through June 19, 1880. The part of Columbus which he covered occupies pages 1 through 24 of Section 46 and contains exactly 1200 persons. Despite the fact that the first person on page 25 was evidently also a member of the last household on page 24, Burgheim wrote at the bottom of page 24, "Here ends the City of Columbus." The rest of Section 46 (pages 25 through 35), presumably a rural area near Columbus, contains 514 people.

 

Section 47 also covered part of Columbus and part of Justice Precinct No. 1. It was enumerated by Rowan Green from June 1 through June 24, 1880. Green started his enumeration with the rural areas, using pages 1 through 27 to list 1340 persons. He begins his part of Columbus on page 28 and proceeds through page 43. In all, he lists 759 persons as residents of Columbus. Thus, Sections 46 and 47 together enumerate 1959 persons in Columbus in 1880. There is one numbering anomaly in Section 47. Pages 2 and 3 were filmed out of order. What the census taker recorded as page 2 is designated in the filmed version as page 3, and what he recorded as page 3 is designated as page 2. We present those pages here in the proper, original order.

 

Section 48 covered Justice Precinct No. 2 and was enumerated by Otho H. Crebbs from June 1 through June 17, 1880. Crebbs listed 835 persons on seventeen pages.

 

Section 49 covered the village of Oakland and Justice Precinct No. 3. It was enumerated by John Halbert Mullin from June 1 through June 19, 1880. Mullin signed a statement that he had concluded his enumeration on June 18. However, he listed another 24 people below the statement, and, on July 3, signed a second statement confirming that he had added those persons. The population of Oakland, 167 people, is listed on the first four pages. The remaining 27 pages list 1313 persons.

 

Section 50 covered the town of Weimar and Justice Precinct No. 4. It was enumerated by Charles Henry Chauntilotte Maigne from June 1 through July 3, 1880. Maigne had a habit of skipping lines between households. The 79 pages he turned in list 3582 persons. Maigne listed 626 people as residents of Weimar, on pages 1 through 14. He finished the town of Weimar on June 5. The same day, he began surveying the rural areas, but for no known reason, gave the next page the number 17. Thus, he skipped the page numbers 15 and 16.

 

Section 51 covered Justice Precinct No. 5, which included the community of Frelsburg. No persons are specifically listed as residents of a town of Frelsburg. The section was enumerated by Edwin A. Malsch from June 1 through June 30, 1880. Malsch listed exactly 3100 persons on 69 pages.

 

Section 52 covered Justice Precinct No. 6, which the census taker, Anton Braden Jr., characterized as "Bernardo Prairie." Its 23 pages, created from June 1 through June 22, 1880, list 1146 persons.

 

Section 53 covered Justice Precinct No. 7, and was enumerated from June 10 through June 21, 1880 by J. J. Delany. It occupies 19 pages and lists 932 persons.

 

Section 54 covered Justice Precinct No. 8 and included the town of Eagle Lake. The enumerator, John F. Ficklen, wrote the date June 1, 1880 at the top of each of the section's 37 pages, though surely he did not complete the entire area in one day. On June 27, 1880, he signed a statement (on page 37) that he had "this day completed" his enumeration. He listed a total of 1789 people. The town of Eagle Lake, which Ficklen characterized as a "village," occupies pages 29 through 37 and includes 406 residents. Many of the pages in Section 54 apparently got wet or were in some way stained. As a result, we were unable to determine the surnames of 363 persons listed in the section. Those persons are omitted from our alphabetical index.

 

Summary of Data
  Total White Black Mulatto Hispanic
Number of People 16677 8997 6751 902 27
Number of Males 8498 4711 3343 427 17
Number of Females 8179 4286 3408 475 10
Number of American Born Persons 14689 7073 6720 880 16
Number of American Born Males 7373 3623 3330 411 9
Number of American Born Females 7316 3450 3390 469 7
Number of Persons Born in Texas 10467 4981 4811 659 16
Number of Males Born in Texas 5160 2483 2367 301 9
Number of Females Born in Texas 5307 2500 2442 358 7
Number of Males Born in Alabama 257 142 105 10 0
Number of Females Born in Alabama 233 113 116 4 0
Number of Males Born in Arkansas 46 33 12 1 0
Number of Females Born in Arkansas 38 29 9 0 0
Number of Males Born in Florida 28 21 6 1 0
Number of Females Born in Florida 17 14 3 0 0
Number of Males Born in Georgia 303 170 123 10 0
Number of Females Born in Georgia 287 159 118 10 0
Number of Males Born in Illinois 36 33 2 1 0
Number of Females Born in Illinois 31 30 1 0 0
Number of Males Born in Kentucky 93 59 27 7 0
Number of Females Born in Kentucky 63 34 22 7 0
Number of Males Born in Louisiana 123 64 54 5 0
Number of Females Born in Louisiana 156 83 66 7 0
Number of Males Born in Maryland 28 12 15 1 0
Number of Females Born in Maryland 16 8 6 2 0
Number of Males Born in Mississippi 257 98 138 21 0
Number of Females Born in Mississippi 244 95 130 19 0
Number of Males Born in Missouri 37 22 13 2 0
Number of Females Born in Missouri 57 44 11 2 0
Number of Males Born in New York 37 37 0 0 0
Number of Females Born in New York 17 16 1 0 0
Number of Males Born in North Carolina 191 90 96 5 0
Number of Females Born in North Carolina 123 47 75 1 0
Number of Males Born in Ohio 33 31 1 1 0
Number of Females Born in Ohio 11 11 0 0 0
Number of Males Born in Pennsylvania 33 29 2 2 0
Number of Females Born in Pennsylvania 21 19 2 0 0
Number of Males Born in South Carolina 90 35 53 2 0
Number of Females Born in South Carolina 87 38 43 6 0
Number of Males Born in Tennessee 282 121 145 16 0
Number of Females Born in Tennessee 330 115 181 34 0
Number of Males Born in Virginia 265 83 159 23 0
Number of Females Born in Virginia 237 58 160 19 0
Number of Males Born in Other States 69 59 7 3 0
Number of Females Born in Other States 46 40 6 0 0
Number of Foreign Born Persons 1946 1909 7 19 11
Number of Foreign Born Males 1106 1081 4 13 8
Number of Foreign Born Females 840 828 3 6 3
Number of Mexicans 32 7 2 12 11
Number of Mexican Males 27 7 1 11 8
Number of Mexican Females 5 0 1 1 3
Number of Germans 1474 1474 0 0 0
Number of German Males 800 800 0 0 0
Number of German Females 674 674 0 0 0
Number of Czechs 67 67 0 0 0
Number of Czech Males 35 35 0 0 0
Number of Czech Females 32 32 0 0 0
Number of Alsatians 48 48 0 0 0
Number of Alsatian Males 24 24 0 0 0
Number of Alsatian Females 24 24 0 0 0
Number of Englishmen 146 146 0 0 0
Number of English Males 90 90 0 0 0
Number of English Females 56 56 0 0 0
Number of Irish 68 68 0 0 0
Number of Irish Males 50 50 0 0 0
Number of Irish Females 18 18 0 0 0
Number of Scots 22 22 0 0 0
Number of Scottish Males 17 17 0 0 0
Number of Scottish Females 5 5 0 0 0
Number of Other Europeans 61 61 0 0 0
Number of Other European Males 48 48 0 0 0
Number of Other European Females 13 13 0 0 0